Just Transition Fund

What is the JTF?

The Just Transition Fund (JTF) is a new financial instrument within Cohesion Policy which  supports those territories facing serious socio-economic challenges linked to the transition to climate neutrality.

The Fund is intended to ensure that the ambitious climate targets set by the European Green Deal, aimed at achieving a climate-neutral EU by 2050, are attained in a fair manner and leave no one behind.

What does the JTF support and how is it invested?

The JTF supports regions and territories through subsidies in those sectors deemed as most sensitive and exposed to the consequences of the transition to climate neutrality, also due to their link to and dependence on fossil fuels (including coal, peat and oil shale) and greenhouse gas-intensive industrial processes.

To have access to JFT resources, EU Member States are required to devise the so-called Territorial Just Transition Plans – TJTPs (Art. 11 of Regulation (EU) 2021/1056), laying down all types of actions pursued to address the short- and long-term transition challenges of a given territory by 2030, with key focus on territories’ economic diversification and modernisation, as well as professional retraining/upgrading and active inclusion of workers and jobseekers.

Main investment sectors are capable of having the greatest impact on territories’ transformation and competitiveness, and their socio-economic and environmental sustainability in the medium to long term. They include: clean energy technologies, emission reduction, industrial sites’ rehabilitation, and professional enhancement.


The JTF in Italy

Via Annex D of the Country Report published within the European Semester 2020, the European Commission (EC) identified the territories most affected by the transition to a climate-neutral economy in each Member State. For Italy, the EC identified Taranto and Sulcis Iglesiente.

JTF investments for Italy are therefore concentrated in these two geographical areas through a National JTF Programme managed by the Territorial Cohesion Agency.

For each identified area the TJTPs are designed and implemented consistently with the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan, which lays down Italy’s guidelines to decarbonise its economy and achieve climate neutrality by 2050.

Available resources

At EU level, the JTF makes available €17.5 billion. With the national co-financing quota, €1.211 billion is earmarked for Italy.

Italy’s TJTPs

Aiming to outline Italy’s TJTPs, the EC has initiated discussions with stakeholders, through the Cohesion Policy Department and the Territorial Cohesion Agency.

Informal negotiations are taking place with the EC, which received the draft texts of the two TJTPs for Sulcis Iglesiente and Taranto areas, respectively.

Consistently and synergically with the Regional Programmes financed by the ERDF and ESF+ and other territorial programmes (e.g. Sulcis Plan, CIS Taranto), Italy’s TJTPs describe the transition process at a national level. They furthermore assess the challenges ahead and their related social, economic and environmental impacts; describe the interventions and investments pursued and the expected contributions; and identify the enterprises to be supported whereby these are not small and/or medium-sized enterprises. The challenges identified specifically focus on three main areas:

  • Energy and environment
  • Economic diversification
  • Social and employment effects.

The proposals drafted for the two TJTPs and the National Programme were formally submitted to the EC by the Territorial Cohesion Agency on 20 June 2022, thus opening the negotiations that will lead to their approval by the end of 2022.

In compliance with the SEA Directive (2001/42/EC), a path has been activated to assess, as per EU rules, the Programme’s effects on the environment and ensure enhanced decision-making on programmes and actions.

Public sector participation also plays a decisive role. Consequently, following the preliminary analysis (scoping phaseset-up note, preliminary report) carried out between June and July 2022, the consultation process of the Preliminary Environmental Report (PER) was opened on 23 August 2022.

The documentation made available includes the National Programme, the Preliminary Environmental Report (PER) and the Non-Technical Summary (NTS), and can be consulted at the link of Italy’s Ministry for Ecological Transition (MITE) dedicated to the “VAS-VIA-AIA” (SEA-EIA-IEA) environmental assessments and authorisations.

As better described in the Consultation Note (Art. 14(2) of Italy’s Legislative Decree No. 152/2006), within 45 (forty-five) days of the publication on the “VAS-VIA-AIA” (i.e., SEA-EIA-IEA) Environmental Assessments and Authorisations Portal, anybody may view the proposed Programme and the related Environmental Report and submit observations and/or new or additional insights and evaluations by writing to Italy’s Ministry for Ecological Transition (Ministero Transizione Ecologica – MITE), also via certified e-mail (

With Note. 0017671 of 24 August 2022, the Territorial Cohesion Agency informed relevant environmental authorities (so-called SCA – soggetti competenti in materia ambientale) of all the documents made available and how to consult them.